1984, as we here this number, it always recalls us of the Anti Sikh Riots happened in this year.
- Why it happens:
It all started after the operation ‘blue star’ came to it’s end. This is what made lots of Sikhs go against the Prime Minister Indira Gandhi because, it was Indira Gandhi who gave the green signal to operation blue star.
- What is operation Blue Star:
Operation Blue Star was an Indian military operation which occurred between 3 June and 8 June 1984, ordered by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in order to establish control over the Harmandir Sahib Complex in Amritsar, Punjab, and remove Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and his armed followers from the complex buildings. Bhindranwale had earlier taken residence in Harmandir Sahib and made it his headquarters in April 1983.
The operation had two components—Operation Metal, confined to the Harmandir Sahib complex, and Operation Shop, which raided the Punjabi countryside to capture any suspects. Following it, Operation Woodrose was launched in the Punjab countryside where Sikhs, specifically those carrying a kirpan and protesting, were now targeted. The operation was carried out by Indian Army troops with tanks, artillery, helicopters, armored vehicles and tear gas. Casualty figures of Operation Blue Star given by Kuldip Singh Brar put the number of deaths among the Indian army at 5,000 and injuries at 7,000. According to the official estimate presented by the Indian government, 20,000 civilians were killed, though numbers put forward by independent human rights organizations are significantly higher.
- Indira Gandhi was Killed
On the 31 October 1984, two of Gandhi’s main bodyguards, Satwant Singh and Beant Singh, shot her with their own service weapons, when the Indra Gandhi was walking past a wicket gate in the garden of the prime minister’s residence at 1 Safdarjung Road, which was actually guarded by Satwant Singh and Beant Singh.
On that day a British actor Peter Ustinov, who was filiming a documentary for Irish television, she was to have been interviewed by him. On that phase of time Beant Singh fire three shots on her and Satwant Singh fired 30 bullets and after this act they dropped their weapons and surrendered. Afterward they both were take behind a closed room by other guards over there, where Beant singh was shot dead, after investigation they found kehar singh was involved in this conspiracy so he got arrested. Both Kehar Singh and Satwant Singh were sentenced to death and hanged in Tihar Jail of Delhi’s.
Indira Gandhi was cremated near Raj Ghat. The site where she was cremated is today known as Shakti Sathala. Her funeral was broadcasted live on domestic and international stations, including the most famous and oldest channel BBC. Following her cremation, millions of Sikhs were displaced and nearly three thousand were killed in anti-Sikh riots.
The 1984 anti-Sikh riots or the 1984 Sikh Massacre or the 1984 genocide of Sikhs was a series of pogroms directed against Sikhs in India, by anti-Sikh mobs, most notably by members of the Congress party, in response to the assassination of Indira Gandhi by her Sikh bodyguards. Satwant Singh and Beant Singh. Official Indian government reports admit to about 2800 deaths across India, including 2100 in Delhi.
Other independent sources estimate the number of deaths to be around 8,000
Sri Harmandir Sahib (The abode of God) Sri Darbar Sahib informally referred to as the “Golden Temple” is the holiest Gurudwara of Sikhism, located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab, India.
We all wish this kind of incident will never happen again to anyone. AMEN.
- This is one of the most controversial and sensitive incident in history, this film shows how a Sikh family in the riots saves their lives.
Directed by Shivaji Lotan Patil a National Award Winner, Written and Produced by Harry Sachdeva.
Releasing on 7th of October 2016
Starrer Soha Ali Khan And Vir Das.